Read this information if you are considering installing EV chargers on your property and want to understand the basic rules of owning a charging station
Mass media resources in the USA buzz with news about building the EV charging infrastructure, distributing federal funding, and providing available incentives to speed up EV adoption. Now is the time for all businesses to grab the opportunity to be a part of the EV movement and install EV chargers on their premises. The only issue is that we have countless resources of online and offline information, and we need time to become experts in a particular field. So, where do you start?
The grid always delivers electricity in the form of AC power, but EV batteries use DC to charge, which means that the onboard system has to convert the energy for the batteries to accept it. Level 1 and Level 2 chargers convert the power from alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) through the onboard charger and deliver them to the batteries. On the contrary, the Level 3 chargers convert the energy inside the station and provide DC power directly to EV batteries.
According to statistics, Americans drive 35 miles daily, meaning one full charge is enough for the whole day. In these conditions, if the electric car has a battery capacity of 65 kWh, you will have to spend 2 hours and 57 minutes to fully charge it with a Level 2 charger (22 kW) and only 39 minutes for your quota of 35 miles per day. The conclusion is simple, owners of electric car charging stations don't have to worry about a slow flow of clients that have to spend 6 hours for one charge - 39 minutes is just enough.
While media resources classify both in the same category, EVSE includes not only the charging station but a sum of hardware, software, and all their components (network communication, apps, electrical conductors, protocols, etc.). Even more, some experts say that only Level 3 stations are EV chargers because they use DC power, which doesn't have to be converted to charge the batteries (like Level 1 and Level 2 stations).
Unlike Level 1 home chargers that anyone can install at home, Level 2 and Level 3 chargers are more complex. Certified electricians are the only ones who should handle the EV charging installation process. Many companies have products warranty that is invalid if someone installs the hardware without specialists' help. Hiring an electrician guarantees that chargers work perfectly and don't have manufacturer issues that you can overlook.
As the power output differs for all three EV charging stations, the time of getting a full battery charge also differs. Many factors influence the charging time, such as the electric charger power output, the EV's battery capacity, the current battery percentage, and the maximum EV charging rate. Charging with a Level 2 station (22 kW) can take 2 hours for a Tesla Model 3 and 50 minutes for Toyota RAV4.
Usually, owners choose between setting a rate per minute, rate per hour, rate per session, rate per kWh, or a combination of them.
Charging at public stations is not free. EV charging station owners are the ones who set a markup for their fees. Factors like electricity price, project cost, and the pricing method dictate businesses the markup they can add to make a monthly profit.
Yes, the EV charging infrastructure is progressing fast and has to move even faster if we hope to achieve this goal by 2030. Together with states and municipalities, businesses can receive funding and speed up EV adoption by providing chargers at their premises.
For all business owners out there, grab the opportunity while it's still developing.
This also affects the time EV drivers might spend on the business premises. As with phones, laptops, and other technology, when you start charging a relatively low lithium-ion cell or battery, there are lots of spaces for the ions to find a place for themselves, and the charging is faster. Once it reaches 80%-90%, it takes longer for the ions to find available spaces.
Installing proper software is essential to monitoring your commercial electric charging stations. The software application allows you to manage and operate chargers remotely, receive real-time notifications and analysis, set pricing and billings, recover lost data, and has many other useful features. The only condition for getting all these benefits is to add your stations to local network charging operators by providing a Wi-Fi or cellular internet connection.
EV charging owners use software apps to operate their chargers remotely and pin their business on public EV charging maps - Google Maps, ChargeFinder, Chargemap, Chargeway, PlugShare, etc. Making the chargers visible on public maps increases the possibility of attracting new clients - EV drivers and making the business a welcoming stopping point on their trips.
Unlike Level 1 EV charging stations, which are slow and inconvenient, and Level 3, which are extremely expensive - the Level 2 ones are a perfect match for any business. They have high power output and a cost range of $500-$10,000, and installing a single EV station can bring a monthly revenue of $2,000.
The Biden Administration has approved the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, and all 50 states have recently received their initial round of funding. Each state and municipality will offer rebates and incentives to cover up to 90% of EV charging installation and purchase costs.
If you want to know how Energy5 can handle incentive and EV purchase and installation for you, read more here.
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